The Paris Climate Agreement is a historic pact signed by 197 countries to combat climate change. Its primary goal is to limit global warming to well below 2 degrees Celsius (3.6 degrees Fahrenheit) above pre-industrial levels and to pursue efforts to limit the temperature increase to 1.5 degrees Celsius (2.7 degrees Fahrenheit). This agreement is crucial because global warming is already having devastating effects on our planet, including frequent natural disasters, rising sea levels, and the extinction of species.
The Paris Climate Agreement aims to achieve its goal by reducing greenhouse gas emissions. Countries have pledged to reduce their greenhouse gas emissions through their own nationally determined contributions (NDCs). NDCs are national plans that outline each country`s efforts to reduce emissions and adapt to the impacts of climate change. The Paris Agreement aims to strengthen these NDCs over time, with the hope that countries will increase their ambitions and reduce their emissions over time.
The Paris Agreement also aims to create a framework for climate finance. Developed countries have committed to provide financial support to developing countries to help them transition to a low-carbon economy and adapt to the impacts of climate change. This includes funding for renewable energy projects, climate-resilient infrastructure, and disaster risk reduction.
Another key goal of the Paris Climate Agreement is to promote transparency and accountability. This requires each country to regularly report on their emissions and progress towards their NDCs. The Paris Agreement also established a system for reviewing each country`s progress and providing technical assistance to help countries achieve their targets.
Overall, the main goal of the Paris Climate Agreement is to create a global response to the threat of climate change. By limiting global warming to well below 2 degrees Celsius above pre-industrial levels, the Paris Agreement aims to protect our planet and ensure a sustainable future for generations to come. With its emphasis on reducing greenhouse gas emissions, promoting climate finance, and strengthening transparency and accountability, the Paris Agreement provides a roadmap for the world to tackle the urgent issue of climate change.